However, the often-unsung trees of the swamps are the tupelo and blackgum trees, including three species of Nyssa that go by a variety of overlapping common names. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Black Tupelo is polygamo-dioecious, producing male and either female or perfect flowers on separate trees. Common Uses: Carving, furniture, crates/boxes, and utility wood. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Leaves are alternate, simple, oval-elliptical, and lack teeth. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." Tree does best in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae.. FUN TREE FACT: Black tupelo is a honey plant. Leaves:Glossy green leaves turn brilliant shades of red in fall. Young trees are pyramidal; older trees more oval. The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century.. One of those is the Black Tupelo that graces the center of the Rambl e. Bark rough, dark grey, broken into many-sided plates; on younger trees, pale brown or grey; branches brown; twigs green to … It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. Black tupelo gum trees were also once prolific in the area, and it is this tree that is noted for its dazzling red foliage in the fall. He saw it in a fence row, … That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. Black gum is a tall tree with horizontal branches and a flat-topped crown. Tupelo or nyssa is a small genus consisting of 9 – 11 species. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). Blackgum is generally found with other hardwood species such as black cherry, dogwood, eastern hophornbeam, and yaupon. Its sibling, the Water Tupelo is likewise edible as is the Ogeechee Lime, another Tupelo. It really depends on where you’re from. The name of the tree “Tupelo” comes from the Muscogee language, as a combination of the words “ito” (tree) and “opilwa” (swamp). Mature Spread: 20 feet. wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. Nyssa sylvatica - Tupelo / Black Gum Tree Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". Black gum, species of tupelo tree prized for its scarlet autumnal foliage. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. black tupelo, sourgum, sour gum Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large forest tree reaching a height of over 100 feet and a trunk that exceeds 3 feet in diameter, with a straight trunk and many horizontal branches of a similar size that form a narrow, oval crown. Tupelo / ˈ t uː p ɪ l oʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈ n ɪ s ə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. Habitat & Range Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. Individual male flowers are about 1/8" (3 mm.) It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica).These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. Often crowded toward the tips of branches. Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its fall beauty can be admired. Location: Look for this tree in moist soils of valleys and uplands in hardwood and pine forests. The tree’s roots spread out on all sides of the tree, and they produce sprouts that can turn into new trees. Tupelo fruit, high in crude fat, fi­ber, phosphorous and calcium, is an important wildlife food source, and because of its many cavities, black tupelo is an important den tree species. The black tupelo has a long taproot, making it nearly impossible to move once the tree is established. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. Which name is it exactly? In summer they are shiny dark green above and downy below. Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. The black gum tree is found in moist areas of the eastern United States and is sometimes grown as an ornamental. Author David Posted on July 20, 2016 November 22, 2019 Categories native deciduous, Tree identification Tags aged blackgum tupelo trees begin decaying from the top, axe and electric chain saw not effective cutting black tupelo, birds love tupelo berries, black tupelo, blackgum tupelo identification, blackgum tupelo is also known as black tupelo or blackgum or sourgum or … The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. )-A medium-sized tree of variable shape, 50 to 100 feet high, with short, rigid, twiggy, horizontal branches. Tree Shape: Upright oval. Where to Plant: Great tree for a narrow space in your yard or in a planting strip with no overhead power lines. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. Fruit: 3/8" blue-black drupe. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. Mike Hayman spotted this selection on Indiana Hwy 37 on his way to Tell City, IN. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche ) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Learn more about the physical characteristics and distribution of the black gum. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … The lumber goes mostly into shipping containers and parts of furniture. to 90 cm.) In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home landscapes. It is also known by the name “beetlebung” on Marthas Vineyard, because it was historically used to make mallets that pound the cork (or “beetle”) into barrels before they were loaded onto ships. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Black tupelo (two-puh-low), sourgum, Pepperidge, tupelogum, black gum…these are all names for the Nyssa Sylvatica. biflora ). Tupelo Tree: Facts, Info on Tupelo Trees. Male flowers are produced in small umbels on slender peduncles about ½-1" long. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Tupelo, Pepperidge, Sour or Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh. With over 400 tree varieties for review, the Treefinder app enables you to conveniently browse and compile a list of trees suitable for a number of common landscaping uses - from attracting birds to creating a formal screen or hedge. But really, what's not to love? Like many trees, the Black Tupelo, also called the Black Gum tree and the Sour Gum, barely makes it into the edible realm. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. In the western Panhandle, one is most likely to see a swamp tupelo/swamp blackgum ( Nyssa sylvatica var. Black Tupelo (Center of the Ramble) Of the 18,000 trees in Central Park, only 150 date back to its creation in 1857. The pulp of its fruit is technically edible, extremely sour and extremely bitter, which is why it is usually used in sweetened preserves. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. Top of Page The tree’s shiny, green, elliptical leaves vary from two to ­five inches in length and turn purple, then scarlet or yellow in autumn, making it a popular ornamental. Names. Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. Many people like to call it sourgum as a counterpart to another tree species… Nyssa sylvatica 's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat.. Treefinder can help you identify the perfect tree for your next project! Potential Problems: No major problems, but some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, rust, leaf miner, and scale. Min. But which one is it? When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Use: Tupelo pulp is used for high-grade book and magazine papers. Mature Height: 35-45 feet. street tree planting width: 6 feet. If you like this unusual tree, you may want information on how to grow a swamp tupelo and that begins with finding an appropriate placement in your yard. across, consisting of a shallow green calyx with barely discernible teeth, insignificant green petals, and 5-10 spreading stamens with long filaments. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. Nyssa sylvatica ‘Haymansred’ Also known as black gum, this species of tupelo is a very useful plant trademarked (named) by J. Frank Schmidt in Boring, Oregon. This tree is also sometimes called "black tupelo." 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