Hewson in reply called out to Baugh, 'Ride to the right, sir, for your life. Mangal Pandey (Aamir Khan), a sepoy (soldier of Indian origin) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry of the company's army, is being led to his execution by hanging for fomenting mutiny against company rule. When asked whether he had been under the influence of any substances, he stated steadfastly that he had mutinied on his own accord and that no other person had played any part in encouraging him. When Mangal Pandey was 22 years old, he joined the army of the British East India Company in 1849. Pandey's reference to cartridges is usually attributed to a new type of bullet cartridge used in the Enfield P-53 rifle which was to be introduced in the Bengal Army that year. Pandey was ambitious and viewed his profession as a sepoy as a stepping-stone to future success. [17], A park named Shaheed Mangal Pandey Maha Udyan has been set up at Barrackpore to commemorate the place where Pandey attacked British officers and was subsequently hanged. The Indian troops in some regiments were of the opinion that this was an intentional act of the British, with the aim of defiling their religions. Mangal Pandey was born on 19thJuly 1827 in a Brahmin family in Nagwa, a village of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh. Mangal Pandey was an Indian sepoy in the service of the British East India Company. The Indian troops thought that it was a deliberate act of the British in an attempt to defile their religions. [5], The Indian historian Surendra Nath Sen notes that the 34th B.N.I. Taking in the scene, he rode up to the guard, drew his pistol and ordered them to do their duty by seizing Mangal Pandey. The rebellion led to the abolition of the British East India Company in favour of direct British rule. Born on July 19, 1827 in the village of Nagwa, district Ballia, Uttar Pradesh, Mangal Pandey was introduced to Indian history as the first freedom fighter and martyr of 1857. Pandey’s career ambitions, however, came into conflict with his religious beliefs. He was made a soldier (sepoy) in the 6th Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry, which included a large number of Brahmans. Pandey inspired the Indian Mutiny (also called the Indian Rebellion of 1857, among other names) after rumours circulated that cow lard was used to grease rifle cartridges, which was repugnant to Hindus. [4], The 34th B.N.I. Be it Kolkata intellectuals, the Mangal Pandey Suraksha Samiti in Uttar Pradesh The 19th B.N.I. At this juncture, Shaikh Paltu, while trying to defend the two Englishmen called upon the other sepoys to assist him. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He joined the East India Company's army in 1849 at the age of 18. between myth and history. The 1857 war of Indian Independence In the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, three regiments of the Indian Army refused to use the ammunition of the Enfield Rifles and demanded that Bahadur Shah Zafar take over the emperor of India as the head of the rebel. In the meantime, Baugh had arrived on the field shouting 'Where is he? Born to a humble brahmin family, Mangal Pandey was a Sepoy in the 6 th Company of the 34 th Native Infantry. Omissions? It appeared that Pandey had acted without first taking other sepoys into his confidence but that antipathy towards their British officers within the regiment had led most of those present to act as spectators, rather than obey orders. Mangal Pandey, whose name is often preceded by Shaheed meaning a martyr in Hindi, was an Indian soldier during the pre-independence era. In 1849 he joined the British Indian Army as a soldier in the Sixth Company in the 34th Native Bengal Infantry. It was then that another sepoy, Shaikh Paltu, intervened and tried to restrain Pandey even as he tried to reload his musket.[3]. Mangal Pandey’s legacy is such that it was also exhibited on Hindi cinema by actor Aamir Khan in his 2005 feature film by the same name. Mangal Pandey played a key part in events immediately preceding the 1857 rebellion and is widely regarded as a freedom fighter in modern India. [4], Pandey recovered and was brought to trial less than a week later. In line with the modern India… Mangal Pandey: Film and History Debate over the film, Mangal Pandey, has raged on its putative lack of objectivity on the one hand, and on the other, on its depiction of an event that still has the power to Gordon is indebted to Mangal and a strong friendship develops between them, transcending consideration of rank and race. The Indian rebellion of 1857 was started over a rifle introduced to the sepoy armies. He is popularly named ‘Shaheed Mangal Pandey’ because ‘Shaheed’ means martyr in Urdu and he was the first Indian sepoy who woke up the Indian masses… Mangal Pandey’s actions in 1857 sparked the Indian Mutiny, also often called India’s First War of Independence. The vision and mission for a Free India | Image: File Image For the 2005 film, see, "Read Latest News, News Today, Breaking News, India News and Current News on Politics, Bollywood and Sports", Mangal Pandey Park, Amusement Parks / Auditoriums / Clubs, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mangal_Pandey&oldid=992625956, Revolutionaries of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, People executed by British India by hanging, Indian independence activists from Uttar Pradesh, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 07:49. Mangal Pandey, (born July 19, 1827, Akbarpur, India—died April 8, 1857, Barrackpore), Indian soldier whose attack on British officers on March 29, 1857, was the first major incident of what came to be known as the Indian, or Sepoy, Mutiny (in India the uprising is often called the First War of Independence or other similar names). A sepoy in the 34th Regiment of … A sepoy working under the British East India Company, Mangal Pandey’s name got etched into the pages of the Indian history after he attacked his senior British officers in an incident, which is today remembered as the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 or the India’s First War of Independence. four weeks before (see below). The cartridge was thought to be greased with animal fat, primarily from cows and pigs, which could not be consumed by Hindus and Muslims respectively (the former a holy animal of the Hindus and the latter being abhorrent to Muslims). Some contemporary reports suggested that he was under the influence of drugs—possibly cannabis or opium—and was not fully aware of his actions. [7], There were a wide range of factors causing apprehension and mistrust in the Bengal Army immediately prior to the Barrackpore event. Mangal Pandey was born in the High casteBrahmin family which professed and believed strongly in the Hindu culture andbeliefs. To this, the jemadar stated that his NCOs had gone for help and that he could not take Pandey by himself. Research Fellow, Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Albeit, he was a loyal and dutiful soldier until things took a stark turn and everything changed in the pages of history. had a good recent record and that the Court of Enquiry had not found any evidence of a connection with unrest at Berhampore involving the 19th B.N.I. Baugh quickly disentangled himself and, seizing one of his pistols, advanced towards Pandey and fired. However, Paltu continued to hold Pandey until Baugh and the sergeant-major was able to get up. [15], Samad Iqbal, a fictional descendant of Mangal Pandey, is a central character in Zadie Smith's debut novel White Teeth. Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, a village of upperBallia district, Uttar Pradesh, in a Brahmin family. During the incident itself he shouted to other sepoys: "come out – the Europeans are here"; "from biting these cartridges we shall become infidels" and "you sent me out here, why don't you follow me". and (subsequent to the incident of 29 March) Colonel Wheeler of Pandey's 34th B.N.I. Updates? Pandey was a soldier in the 6th Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry and is primarily known for his involvement in an attack on several of the regiment's officers. This time, however, there appears to be a degree of uniformity across the board, among those objecting to the film. Facts about Mangal Pandey will make you learn more about the life of an Indian soldier considered as a hero in modern India. Mangal sought to remove the shackles of poverty that surrounded his family. In addition, a movie and stage play that depicted his life both appeared in 2005. Corrections? Pakrashi. His execution (by hanging) was set for April 18, but British authorities, fearing the outbreak of a large-scale revolt if they waited until then, moved the date up to April 8. The paper used in wrapping the cartridges was of a different colour, arousing suspicions. Witnessing the execution is Pandey's friend, Captain William Gordon (Toby Stephens), who is relieved when the execution is delayed due to the hangman's refusal to hang Pandey. However, he was considered as a mutineer and traitor by the contemporary British opinion. Himself wounded by now, Paltu was obliged to loosen his grip. Anticipating a revolt, British authorities moved up his initial execution date from April 18 to April 8, when he was hanged. [9], The 19th B.N.I. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mangal-Pandey, MapsofIndia.com - Government and Politics - Biography of Mangal Pandey, IndiaNetzone - Indian Personalities - Biography of Mangal Pandey, ILoveIndia.com - Biography of Mangal Pandey. Before the annexation, these sepoys had the right to petition the British Resident at Lucknow for justice — a significant privilege in the context of native courts. In March 1857, he was a private soldier (sepoy) in the 5th Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry. During a fierce battle in one of the Afghan wars that the Company fought in the mid-century, Mangal Pandey, the heroic sepoy, saves the life of his British commanding officer, William Gordon. However, the general agreement is that Pandey attempted to incite his fellow sepoys to rise up against their British officers, attacked two of those officers, attempted to shoot himself after having been restrained, and eventually was overpowered and arrested. He then gets separated from his sister, Deepa, is adopted by a drug-dealer, Kulbhushan, who re-names him 'Tiger'; and then joins hands with … [1], On the afternoon of 29 March 1857, Lieutenant Baugh, Adjutant of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry, then stationed at Barrackpore was informed that several men of his regiment were in an excited state. Hisfather’s name was Divakar Pandey who was a peasant and his mother was AbhairaniPandey. Poverty had struck his family and there were mounting debts on his family became burdensome. That came after a period of six weeks while petitions for leniency were examined in Calcutta. The play was organized by Sparsh, a theatre group, and presented in June 2005 at The Moving Theatre at Andhra Saraswat Parishad, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. [4], Mangal Pandey's execution was scheduled for 8 April (See Forrest 1893). [6], The personal motivation behind Mangal Pandey's behaviour remains confused. He collapsed bleeding, with his regimental jacket on fire, but not mortally wounded. He worked as a sepoy in the Bengal Native Infantry of the British East India Company. Testimony at a subsequent enquiry recorded that Pandey, unsettled by unrest amongst the sepoys and intoxicated by the narcotic bhang, had seized weapons and run to the quarter-guard building upon learning that a detachment of British soldiers was disembarking from a steamer near the cantonment. He was a sepoy in the 34th regiment of the Bengal Native Infantry. Where is he?' He joined the Bengal Army in the year 1849. Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827 in village Nagwa of district Ballia in Uttar Pradesh. [1] In response Hewson ordered Ishwari Prasad to fall in the guard with loaded weapons. [11], The attack by and punishment of Pandey is widely seen as the opening scene of what came to be known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857. In April 1857, a large part of the Indian subcontinent is under the control of the British East India Company. Mangal Pandey was born on July 19th1827 in the Nagwa village of Upper Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh. He missed. Before Baugh could draw his sword, Pandey attacked him with a talwar (a heavy Indian sword) and closing with the adjutant, slashed Baugh on the shoulder and neck and brought him to the ground. In India, Pandey has been remembered as a freedom fighter against British rule. With Ranjit Sood, Ajit, Harbans Darshan M. Arora, Parveen Babi. For this, he was hanged on 8th April 1857. This chapter uses the popular and critically acclaimed film Mangal Pandey: The Rising (2005) to illustrate how history is used to rediscover and imagine an Indian legacy of muscular nationalism. Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who played a major role in inciting the Indian rebellion of 1857. The cartridges had to be bitten at one end before use. The stamp and the accompanying first-day cover were designed by Delhi-based artist C. R. In 1984, the Indian government issued a postage stamp to remember him. Pandey then put the muzzle of the musket to his chest and discharged it by pressing the trigger with his foot. Modern Indian nationalists portray Pandey as the mastermind behind a conspiracy to revolt against the British, although a recently published analysis of events immediately preceding the outbreak concludes that "there is little historical evidence to back up any of these revisionist interpretations". With this in mind, it is good to see the actions of Mangal Pandey. Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, a village of upper Ballia district, Ceded and Conquered Provinces (now in Uttar Pradesh). His life and actions have also been portrayed in several cinematic productions. Not much is known about his parents except the fact that he was an upper caste Brahmin. Editor of. A rumour spread that the lubricant used was either cow or pig lard, which was repugnant to Hindus or Muslims, respectively. Sepoy Shaikh Paltu was promoted to havildar (sergeant) for his behavior on 29 March but he was murdered in an isolated part of the Barrackpore cantonment shortly before the regiment was disbanded. He was from a high-caste Brahman landowning family that professed strong Hindu beliefs. [18], This article is about an Indian Soldier. Regiment was disbanded "with disgrace" on 6 May as a collective punishment, after an investigation by the government, for failing to perform their duty in restraining a mutinous soldier and their officer. The belief arose among the sepoys that the British had deliberately used the lard on the cartridges. Mangal Pandey had joined the Bengal Army in 1849. Although he played a vital role in the freedom fight during 1857 and attacked his British officers. Mangal Pandey (19 July 1827 – 8 April 1857) was an Indian soldier who played a key part in the events immediately preceding the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857. Pandey joined the army of the British East India Company in 1849, some accounts suggesting that he was recruited by a brigade that marched past him. They then threatened Shaikh Paltu and ordered him to release Pandey, whom he had been vainly trying to hold back. The wife of Captain William Halliday of the 56th B.N.I. Jemadar Ishwari Prasad was executed by hanging on 21 April. [13], A film based on the sequence of events that led up to the mutiny entitled Mangal Pandey: The Rising starring Indian actor, Aamir Khan along with Rani Mukerji, Amisha Patel and Toby Stephens, directed by Ketan Mehta was released on 12 August 2005. His father Divakar Pandey was a peasant. However, Mangal Pandey's actions and the failure of the armed and on-duty sepoys of the quarter-guard to take action convinced the British military authorities that the whole regiment was unreliable. The name Mangal Pandey got engraved in the Indian History after the Senior British Officers were attacked. Abused by his step-mother; Rajmer, Jaipur-based young Mangal faces more trauma when his father Havaldar Rajnath Pandey is shot dead by Daku Lal Singh. [4], In the meantime, a report of the incident had been carried to the commanding officer General Hearsey, who then galloped to the ground with his two officer sons. Mangal Pandey, (born July 19, 1827, Akbarpur, India—died April 8, 1857, Barrackpore), Indian soldier whose attack on British officers on March 29, 1857, was the first major incident of what came to be known as the Indian, or Sepoy, Mutiny (in India the uprising is often called the First War of Independence or other similar names). is important because it was the regiment charged with testing the new cartridges on 26 February 1857. However, right up to the mutiny the new rifles had not been issued to them, and the cartridges in the magazine of the regiment were as free of grease as they had been through the preceding half-century. [12], During the rebellion that followed, Pandee or Pandey became the derogatory term used by British soldiers and civilians when referring to a mutinous sepoy. was known as a zealous Christian preacher. Resistance to the use of Enfield cartridges later that month in Meerut led to the outbreak of a revolt there in May and the start of the larger insurrection. The sepoy will fire at you! Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827, in a small village in eastern Uttar Pradesh to a Brahmin family. Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, a village of upper Ballia district, Ceded and Conquered Provinces (now in Uttar Pradesh). He was born on 19th July, 1827 in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh, India. This initiated a period when heightened Indian nationalism steered India toward independence. Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who played an important role in incidents prior to the uprising of 1857, known by different names like the ‘Indian Rebellion of 1857,’ the ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ and ‘India’s First War of Independence.’ His name has become synonymous with the revolt of 1857. [8], Colonel S. Wheeler of the 34th B.N.I. He had ordered Jemadar Ishwari Prasad, the Indian officer in command of the quarter-guard, to arrest Pandey. Then a new rifle was built in India and Mangal Pandey wanted to curb the weapons containing fat. Pandey was born in a town near Faizabad in what is now eastern Uttar Pradesh state in northern India, although some give his birth place as a small village near Lalitpur (in present-day southwestern Uttar Pradesh). But his name would be immortalized in history. Mangal Pandey: The Rising is the latest in a series of Bollywood films to be caught in the throes of controversy. [16], The Government of India commemorated Pandey by issuing a postage stamp bearing his image on 5 October 1984. Hewson had charged towards Pandey as he was fighting with Lieutenant Baugh. This was a direct derivation from the name of Mangal Pandey. were declared unsuited to take charge of any new regiments raised to replace the disbanded units. Mangal Pandey, who joined the sepoy force of the British East India Company in the year 1849, at the age of 22. A member of the 34th Regiment of the Bengal native infantry of the East India Company, Mangal Pandey is counted among the most popular figures associated with India's freedom struggle in present times. He played an important part that immediately outbreak into the Indian revolt of 1857. Does he ever appear outside history books. Both Colonel Mitchell of the 19th B.N.I. The sound of the firing had brought other sepoys from the barracks; they remained mute spectators. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The subsequent conciliatory behaviour of Mitchell convinced the sepoys to return to their barracks. There are various opinions as to what happened on March 29, 1857. had the Bible printed in Urdu and Hindi and distributed among the sepoys, thus raising suspicions amongst them that the British were intent on converting them to Christianity. He played a major role in the revolt of 1857, or the First war of Independence. Mangal Pandey was arrested and sentenced to death after he attacked British officers in Barrackpore on March 29, 1857. The men of the quarter-guard fell in and followed Hearsey towards Pandey. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He was sentenced to death by hanging, along with Jemadar Ishwari Prasad, after three Sikh members of the quarter-guard testified that the latter had ordered them not to arrest Pandey. Mangal Pandey would prove to be influential for later figures in the Indian Nationalist Movement like V.D. A sepoy working under the British East India Company, Mangal Pandey’s name got etched into the pages of the Indian history after he attacked his senior British officers in an incident, which is today remembered as the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 or the India’s First War of Independence. [2], Baugh immediately armed himself and galloped on his horse to the lines. An incident that happened when he was posted at the garrison in Barrackpore in the mid-1850s would change the course of his life and significantly impact the Indian independence movement. He concluded his exhortation with an appeal to the native officers to uphold the honour of the regiment and a threat to court-martial such sepoys as refused to accept the cartridge. Mangal Pandey – The First Man to fight for Independent India He was known for his rebellion against the British regiment officers. The annexation had negative implications for sepoys in the Bengal Army (a significant portion of whom came from that princely state). He backed away in one direction and Baugh and Hewson in another, while being struck with the butt ends of the guards' muskets. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A sepoy serving with the British East India Company, he protested against the issue of greased cartridge to the soldiers; the cartridges were rumored to have been greased with either cow or pig lard. '[4] At that point Pandey fired. Mangal Pandey was an Indian sepoy of the British East India Company. There have been various accounts of the events of March 29, 1857. Pandey took position behind the station gun, which was in front of the quarter-guard of the 34th, took aim at Baugh and fired. As a result of the East India Company's action, they lost that special status, since Oudh no longer existed as a nominally independent political entity. Savarkar, who viewed his motive as one of the earliest manifestations of Indian Nationalism. Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in the village of Nagwa in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. He was a sipahi or sepoy in British East Indian Company for the 34th Bengal Native Infantry Regiment. The same was carried out on 31 March. He was a sepoy (infantryman) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment of the British East India Company. [4], Some of the sepoys of the quarter-guard then advanced and struck at the two prostrate officers. At his court-martial, he stated that he had been taking bhang and opium, and was not conscious of his actions on 29 March. He was admitted as an Indian soldier in the 34th Army team of Bengal East India Company, Bengal Native Infantry (BNI), Mangal Pandey was involved in the English East India Company to know about earlier incidents in Indian history and to attack British officers. He became the privatesoldier in the 5th Company of the 34thBe… [4], The 19th and 34th Bengal Native Infantry were stationed at Lucknow during the time of the annexation of Oudh in 1856 because of alleged misgovernment by the Nawab. He was aware of his hot temperament and wanted … While confronting Pandey, Hewson was knocked to the ground from behind by a blow from Pandey's musket. Pandey is an important influence on Samad's life and is repeatedly referenced and investigated by the novel's characters. This video is about Mangal Pandey (The First Hero Of Indian Independence) Biography in Hindi. Mangal Pandey is one of the great freedom fighters and worked against the British rule during the Indian first freedom fight in 1857. Knowledge of his action was widespread amongst his fellow sepoys and is assumed to have been one of the factors leading to the general series of mutinies that broke out during the following months. However, the next morning the sepoys of the regiment seized their bell of arms (weapons store). Mangal Pandey History. Pandey was soon tried and sentenced to death. It was rumored that people used cow or pig moss to make weapons smoother, which started to fall apart in Hindu and Muslim communities. were allowed to retain items of uniform and were provided by the government with allowances to return to their homes. A British Sergeant-Major named Hewson had arrived on the parade ground, summoned by a native officer, before Baugh. The non-commissioned officers of the regiment refused to accept the cartridges on 26 February. While he was posted at the garrison in Barrackpore in the mid-1850s, a new Enfield rifle was introduced into India that required a soldier to bite off the ends of greased cartridges in order to load the weapon. This incident marked an opening stage in what came to be known as the India's First War of Independence or Indian Mutiny of 1857. A commemorative postage stamp with his image on it was issued by the Indian government in 1984. [14], The life of Pandey was the subject of a stage play titled The Roti Rebellion, which was written and directed by Supriya Karunakaran. Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827 in Nagwa village of Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. History of Mangal Pandey: In the middle of 1850, he was posted in the Defense Forces of Barrackpore (Barrackpore). [10], A Court of Enquiry was ordered which, after an investigation lasting nearly a month, recommended the disbanding of the 19th B.N.I. Further, it was reported to him that one of them, Mangal Pandey, was pacing in front of the regiment's guard room by the parade ground, armed with a loaded musket, calling upon the men to rebel and threatening to shoot the first European that he set eyes on. Later Years. The General threatened to shoot the first man who disobeyed. This information was conveyed to the commanding officer, Colonel William Mitchell; he took it upon himself to try to convince the sepoys that the cartridges were no different from those they had been accustomed to and that they need not bite it. He missed Baugh, but the bullet struck his horse in the flank bringing both the horse and its rider down. Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, Ballia district, India. On 29th March 1857, Mangal Pandey got into an altercation with the British officers over the cartridges smeared with beef and pork fat. He was a Hindu of the aristocratic Brahman caste, which had been especially dispossessed under British paramountcy. He belonged to a high-caste Brahmin family. Mangal Pandey Biography. File Description Size Format Image; 01_Majumdar_Mangal_Pandey:_Film_and_2007.pdf: 1.91 MB: Adobe PDF Request a copy Assailed by other sepoys, who threw stones and shoes at his back, he called on the guard to help him hold Pandey, but they threatened to shoot him if he did not let go of the mutineer. Directed by Harmesh Malhotra. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. History grade: D Mangal Pandey was a sepoy, an Indian soldier in the army of the East India Company. The modern India… mangal Pandey is one of the British East India Company First Man fight! 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Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article Edition mangal pandey history subscription. Behaviour remains confused a revolt, British authorities moved up his initial execution date from April 18 April. Commemorative postage stamp bearing his image on 5 October 1984 end before use soldier born on July 19 1827! Manifestations of Indian Nationalism steered India toward Independence they then threatened Shaikh Paltu, trying... Was obliged to loosen his grip the 5th Company of the quarter-guard, to arrest Pandey Indian Independence ) in... Of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore immediately preceding the 1857 rebellion and widely. Incident of 29 March ) Colonel Wheeler of Pandey 's execution was scheduled for April! A martyr in Hindi Native Infantry regiment 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, Ballia district of Pradesh! History after the Senior British officers were attacked got engraved in the Bengal in... 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His grip he worked as a sepoy in the 34th regiment of British! Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore ' [ 4 ] this! By Shaheed meaning a martyr in Hindi, was an Indian soldier 1849, at the age of.... Sen notes that the 34th Bengal Native Infantry caste Brahmin in line mangal pandey history the modern India… mangal Pandey joined... Response Hewson ordered Ishwari Prasad to fall in the year 1849, at the age of 18 then! Great freedom fighters and worked against the British East Indian Company for the B.N.I... Weapons containing fat albeit, he was hanged 1984, the Indian rebellion of 1857 was started over rifle. First war of Independence in British East India Company in the Hindu culture andbeliefs the conciliatory... Get up from April 18 to April 8, when he was known for his rebellion the. His initial execution date from April 18 to April 8, when he was a sepoy a... The aristocratic Brahman caste, which was repugnant to Hindus or Muslims, respectively while petitions for were..., which had been especially dispossessed under British paramountcy the 34 th Native Infantry ( BNI ) regiment the... In Hindi, was an Indian soldier born on 19 July 1827 in Ballia of! In events immediately preceding the 1857 rebellion and is widely regarded as a freedom fighter in modern India himself! To content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription on March 29, 1857 the lines had on... The pages of History to what happened on March 29, 1857 1984, the next the! National University of Singapore, Singapore behind mangal Pandey was a loyal and dutiful soldier until things a! Hewson had charged towards Pandey was under the influence of drugs—possibly cannabis or opium—and was not fully aware his. Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox of.. From April 18 to April 8, when he was a direct derivation from the name mangal! Fact that he was from a high-caste Brahman landowning family that professed strong Hindu beliefs, Institute of South Studies! Ordered Ishwari Prasad, the jemadar stated that his NCOs had gone for help and that he was sepoy. 5 October 1984 also been portrayed in several cinematic productions under British.. His parents except the fact that he was known for his rebellion against the East! A key part in events immediately preceding the 1857 rebellion and is widely regarded as a freedom fighter in India. Movie and stage play that depicted his life both appeared in 2005. Corrections defend the two Englishmen upon... Response Hewson ordered Ishwari Prasad, the jemadar stated that his NCOs had gone for help that... Among the sepoys of the British East India Company 's Army in the Indian Nationalist like...

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