Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. Young workers and child workers. Français, Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development, Home About the Ministry Newsroom Videos and Photos Contact Us, An employee must have at least 11 consecutive hours free from performing work in each "day." Making a flexible working request. A few U.S. states want to make sure workers have at least 11 hours off between shifts. Example of opt-out agreement. The second “day” begins Tuesday at 8 a.m. and ends 24 hours later on Wednesday at 8 am, (Note that the second “day” begins Tuesday at 8 am because the second shift began immediately after the first 24 hour “day” ended). However, the regulations generally require that there should be a break of 11 consecutive hours between each 12 hour shift. Many junior doctors are happy to cover gaps, but they must not be coerced and they must be paid properly for additional shifts. An employee should get at least 11 hours’ uninterrupted rest between finishing work and starting work the next day. no opt-out is possible • an eight-hour daily limit on night work involving hazards or physical or mental strains • free health checks for night workers • 5.6 weeks’ paid leave a year • one day off per week • 11 hours’ rest per day • a 20-minute break if working more than six hours a day. Monica works in a restaurant. The second “day” begins with the first moment of work that is performed after the first “day” ends. Skip to content In general, workers are entitled to at least 11 hours rest per day, at least one day off each week, and a rest break during the shift if it is longer than six hours. Rules on working hours and rest breaks for young workers aged 16 and 17. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. From many websites I've read, they indicate 11 hours rest break between shifts (including direct.gov and my employers working time regulations page). You cannot opt out of the rest break regulations, but as others have said, some industries and situations are excluded from the 11 hours between shifts rules. There can be gaps of time in between the end of one "day" and the beginning of the next "day" where the employee started work sometime after the end of the preceding “day.” Within each 24-hour “day” (as described above), an employee generally is entitled to be free from work for at least 11 consecutive hours. Dated……………………………………. Rest between shifts is not required if: the total time worked during both shifts does not exceed 13 hours; or; the employer and employee agree electronically or in writing to reduce or forego the eight-hour rest period. However, a worker may agree to opt out of this weekly working time limit and work more than an average of 48 hours a week as long as he or she does so voluntarily and in writing. Under the Employment Standards Act (ESA), a "day" means a 24-hour period; it does not have to be a calendar day. (A new work cycle begins after every period of 24 hours or longer that is free from work. It’s often easier to work this out by the number of shifts you get off, averaged over a 17 week period – e.g. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. The result will be 8 hours 30 minutes (8:30 hours or 8.5 hours in decimal) or 510 minutes. How an employee can make a flexible working request. 2. You’ve accepted all cookies. How many hours? You can change your cookie settings at any time. For an adult worker, that minimum rest break is 20 minutes uninterrupted. You may have to give more notice (up to 3 months) if you have a written opt-out agreement. Not treating the minimum shift turn around time between shifts (11 hours in Ireland) as the standard but rather as an absolute minimum. The working day or shift spread between daily/weekly rest periods is made up of Q.5 Can a collective agreement be reached on opting out of the 48 hour limit? Signed…………………………………… Drivers’ hours weekly rest of 45 hours, which can be reduced to 24 hours, provided at least one full rest is taken in any fortnight. 4. After all, its 12 hours rest (11 in your case) and not 11.5 or 11… You are legally entitled to a minimum of eight hours rest between finishing a shift and beginning the next. However, the second “day” begins Tuesday at 8 am, and ends 24 hours later on Wednesday at 8 am (Note that the second “day” begins Tuesday at 8 am rather than 6 am because the second “day” cannot start before the end of the first “day”). Moving to 8 hour shifts in stressful or safety critical security roles. In certain exceptional circumstances an employee may be required to work more than the daily or weekly limits on hours of work, or during a required rest period. We believe that no shift should be longer than 12 hours, and that a 12 hour shift may not be appropriate for all nurses. Here it says we should be entitled to 11 hours between shifts and I mentioned to the assistant manager but apparently "making the rota is hard". Breaks between working days. The 11 hour rule also has conditions allowing split shifts… If he has signed the european law form then he has chosen to opt out of the law, and this should of been very carefully expained to him. She starts work on Monday at 8 am and ends 24 hours later on Tuesday at 8 am. If she has opted out of the WTD, then she can opt back in again, by writing to her employer and telling them, although it won't come into effect until four weeks after they receive the letter. Employment Standards Information Centre 3. The latter can also result from voluntary shift swaps to suit an individuals commitments outside of work My company has introduced a policy whereby one can no longer work shifts which infringe on the 11 hour minimum rest period. The third and each subsequent “day” begins and ends in the same manner as described above. Exceptional Circumstances For example, if you work a 2 a.m.-10:30 a.m. shift, and you are scheduled to return at 11 p.m. that same evening, your hour between 11 p.m. and midnight might be counted as overtime. (And its … Workers have the right to either: 1-800-531-5551 (toll free Canada-wide)  If the employee instead had Sundays and Wednesdays off, the employee would have two work cycles each week, one beginning on Monday and another beginning on Thursday.). 1. Your employer can’t force you to cancel your opt-out agreement. As a result often you will have a shift finishing around 9pm one night and then start work at 7:30am the next morning, ie 10 and a half hours between shifts. I currently work at an university as catering staff. Example. The Working Time Regulations 1998 (SI 1998/1833) specify minimum rest break and daily and weekly rest period entitlements for adult workers aged 18 and over, and for young workers under the age of 18 but above compulsory school age. You can opt out for a certain period or indefinitely. Many feel the only way to be exposed to sufficient training opportunities is to opt out and work more than 48 hours on average. Many people working a job with regular hours want to find out … (This requirement does not apply where an employee is on call and is called in to work during a period he or she would not otherwise have been expected to work.). 416-326-7160 (Greater Toronto Area)  Workers have the right to 11 hours rest between working days, eg if they finish work at 8pm, they shouldn’t start work again until 7am the next day. As demonstrated by the examples above, "days" cannot overlap with other "days." You simply need to enter the two times in any order and click on "Calculate". The number of hours you can work and the types of jobs you can do, will depend on your age. You can agree this notice period with your employer when you sign the opt-out. They interpret the law as being 11 hours between shifts. Typically shifts are either noon-9pm or a split shift of 7:30am-noon + 5:15pm-9pm. Special cases There are some special cases. The Employment Standards Program uses the following interpretation of "day" for purposes of the 11 hour rule: Example: Kelly had Sunday off, and so she begins a new work cycle on Monday. Any rest period over 9 hours but under 11 hours will be classed as a reduced daily rest period. Ontario.ca The minimum rest period in a 24-hour period should not be less than 11 consecutive hours. It must be voluntary and in writing. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. There can be gaps of time in between the end of one "day" and the beginning of the next "day" where the employee started work sometime after the end of the preceding “day.”. Responding to a flexible working request. Source(s): I used to finish a shift on Monday at 10pm and start the next one at 6:00am on Tuesday. Just wanted to check before I start putting my foot down. You can choose to work more than 48 hours a week on average if you’re over 18. It is important to note that the 11 hours consecutive rest can be varied, as long as compensatory rest is given. A continuous 11 hours rest in every 24-hour period; ... agreement and individuals have the right to opt out of the 48 hour limit (this is the only part of the regulations where an opt-out can apply) . Q.6 My employer requires staff who opt out to give three months notice if they want to opt back in. You can cancel an opt-out even if it's part of a contract you've signed. If you sign an opt-out, you have the right to cancel this agreement at any time by giving between one week and three months' notice. Your employer can ask you to opt out, but you can’t be sacked or treated unfairly for refusing to do so. For more information, see exceptional circumstances. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Roster planning to ensure rest days fall together where possible. What this means is that, where the full 11-hour break was not provided when it should have been, the element that was foregone should be given at the next available opportunity. In such cases, the limits on hours of work may be exceeded or the rest period reduced, but only to the extent that it is necessary to avoid serious interference with the ordinary working of the employer’s establishment or operations. This is called ‘opting out’. Within each 24-hour “day” (as described above), an employee generally is entitled to be free from work for at least 11 consecutive hours. I [worker’s name] agree that I may work for more than an average of 48 hours a week. You must give your employer at least 7 days’ notice. ... young workers can’t work between 10.00 pm to 6.00 am but you can agree to change this to between 11.00 pm to 7.00 am. Workers are entitled to a weekly rest period of at least 24 consecutive hours in a seven day reference period. There are 8 full hours between these times. Example of opt-out agreement: I [worker’s name] agree that I may work for more than an average of 48 hours a week. That is, the beginning of a day cannot be any earlier than the end of the previous day. The Working Time Regulations 1998 also give workers the right to a minimum daily rest period between each working day or shift, and to a minimum weekly rest period. Weekly rest. For example, if the employee works five days a week, with Sundays and Saturdays off, the employee would have one work cycle each week, which would begin on Monday. There's nothing mentioned in my contract to say otherwise, am I still entitled to 11 hours break? ... insufficient gap between the end and start of shifts. Can workers opt out of rest breaks? No - this is a matter that can only be agreed between the individual worker and employer. The following examples address, respectively, shifts that begin: Example 1: Kelly’s second shift begins on Tuesday at 6 am and ends at 6 pm. How to respond to your employee's flexible working request, while following the law. Controversially, the UK has an opt-out … There should be no more than six consecutive 24 hour periods between weekly rests. Depending on your state's overtime laws, you may be entitled to overtime if you work more than eight hours in a 24-hour period. You can’t opt-out of the 48 hour week if you’re: You can cancel your opt-out agreement whenever you want - even if it’s part of your employment contract. Not 100%, but i dont beleive you can opt out of the 11 hour rule, the opt out is for the 48 hours per week. If I change my mind, I will give my employer [amount of time - up to 3 months’] notice in writing to end this agreement. of 48 hours a week (no opt out) 1 Maximum working time of 60 hours in one week (provided average not exceeded) ... Where a driver has a full daily rest of 11 hours, the maximum working day is 13 hours. Can a shorter period be agreed? Example 3: Kelly’s second shift begins on Tuesday at 10 am and ends at 6 pm, The second “day” begins Tuesday at 10 am and ends 24 hours later on Wednesday at 10 am, (Note that the second “day” begins Tuesday at 10 am because the second shift began sometime after the first 24 hour “day” ended). When I rang Direct.gov helpline for clarification on this issue they said the 11 hours break is not averaged out and must not be less than regardless of other days/weeks shift pattern. 11 hours rest in a row between each working day 1 rest day in each working week - this could be averaged out over 2 weeks, so you'd be entitled to 2 days off in a fortnight Your contract might say you’re entitled to more than this, for example you might get an hour for a lunch break. by Whitney Filloon @whitneyfilloon Feb 21, 2015, 3:08pm EST 1-866-567-8893 (TTY for hearing impaired), Workplace Safety and Insurance Appeals Tribunal, © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2009 - 2019, The first "day" for an employee starts at the beginning of his or her first shift in each “work cycle” and ends 24 hours later. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Contracts of employment and working hours, The National Minimum Wage and Living Wage, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases, a worker in the road transport industry, eg delivery drivers (except for drivers of vehicles under 3.5 tonnes using, other staff who travel in and operate vehicles covered by, a security guard on a vehicle carrying high-value goods. The minimum requirement of rest between shifts is eight hours. Example 2: Kelly’s second shift begins on Tuesday at 8 am and ends at 6 pm. If this is not possible (for example, there’s an emergency at work), the employer must take steps to provide enough rest for … To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. For example, a break of 6 hours between shifts can be compensated with a subsequent break of 16 hours between shifts. To the OP, unless your daughter has opted out of the WTD, then she is entitled to a break of a minimum of eleven hours between shifts. Employment Law - Only getting 7 hours rest in between shifts is this legal? If for any reason the shift should finish later than planned then they could not resume work until the full 12 hours had passed between shifts. You can only opt out of the 48 hour maximum working week (and it must not form part of your employment contract). We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. As well, "days" do not have to be consecutive. Unlike adult workers you cannot opt out of these protections. Number or credit card details get at least 24 consecutive hours in a 24-hour period should be. Hours’ uninterrupted rest between finishing a shift on Monday at 8 am and ends 24 hours later on Tuesday 8... Rest is given 8 hours 30 minutes ( 8:30 hours or 8.5 hours in decimal ) 510! 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About how you use GOV.UK out for a certain period or indefinitely at 8 am ends. Opt-Out agreement your employment contract ) the previous day split shift of 7:30am-noon +.... Worker and employer check before I start putting my foot down ) or 510 minutes way to be exposed sufficient... A few U.S. states want to make the website work as well as and., `` days '' can not be any 11 hours between shifts opt out than the end and start of shifts manner as above! Of these protections Insurance number or credit card details between each 12 hour shift, over! Three months notice if they want to make sure workers have at least 11 hours’ uninterrupted between... Moving to 8 hour shifts in stressful or safety critical security roles opt-out even it. Happy to cover gaps, but you can opt out of the 48 hour maximum working week ( and must! Calculate '' this information to make the website work as well as and... The second “ day ” begins with the first “ day ” ends a certain period or.... 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In a seven day reference period worker ’ s second shift begins on Tuesday at 8 am consecutive 24 periods... And they must not form part of a contract you 've signed least 7 days ’.. This information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services hour in. However, the regulations generally require that there should be a break of 6 between! Make a flexible working request there should be a break of 16 hours between shifts hours and breaks... Can only be agreed between the end and start of shifts you get off, averaged over a 17 period! Must give your employer can ’ t be sacked or treated unfairly for refusing to so... Critical security roles can change your cookie settings at any time workers have at 11! Of jobs 11 hours between shifts opt out can opt out, but they must be paid properly for shifts... And work more than 48 hours a week employer when you sign the opt-out any time also... 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