the miner as labor and ore as product. But the Mechanical Turk was an illusion that allowed a human chess master to hide inside the machine and operate it. The scale required to build artificial intelligence systems is too complex, too obscured by intellectual property law, and too mired in logistical complexity to fully comprehend in the moment. Was the question reworded? One Piece is a Japanese manga anime series illustrated by Eiichiro Oda. But, more than that, it fundamentally changed our relationship to computing and information—a change likely to have repercussions for decades to come. For each response that Alexa gives, its effectiveness is inferred by what happens next: Is the same question uttered again? Much to TV execs’ consternation, the TiVo let viewers of recorded programming breeze past commercials. Developed by the “godfather of the iPod,” Tony Fadell, the Nest Learning Thermostat was the first smart home device to capture mass market interest following its launch in 2011. There are 17 rare earth elements, which are embedded in laptops and smartphones, making them smaller and lighter. Think of the gear you can’t live without: The smartphone you constantly check. Yet you draw on it every time you issue a simple voice command to a small cylinder in your living room: ‘Alexa, what time is it?”. According to the Aymara legends about the creation of Bolivia, the volcanic mountains of the Andean plateau were creations of tragedy. Message recipients would respond by calling the sender via telephone. The list—which is ordered by influence—was assembled and deliberated on at (extreme) length by TIME’s technology and business editors, writers and reporters. The dizzying spectacle of global logistics and production will not be possible without the invention of this simple, standardized metal object. Kircher’s talking statue was an early form of information extraction for the elites – people talking in the street would have no indication that their conversations were being funneled to those who would instrument that knowledge for their own power, entertainment and wealth. The device’s amplifying horn was hidden inside a wooden cabinet, giving it the sleek look of a sophisticated piece of furniture. Each owes its influence to one model that changed the course of technology for good. This is an interaction with Amazon’s Echo device. And a few represent exciting but unproven new concepts (looking at you Oculus Rift). “We Are Working to Make Our Supply Chain ‘Conflict-Free,’” Philips, 2018, https://www.philips.com/a-w/about/company/suppliers/supplier-sustainability/our-programs/conflict-minerals.html. 29 A Greenpeace report states: “One of the single biggest obstacles to sector transparency is Amazon Web Services (AWS). The problem, however, was that these devices didn’t have interfaces that were well-suited for touch, and they were often clunkier and larger than the iPad. 40, Large-scale AI systems consume enormous amounts of energy. In an era of extractivism, the real value of that data is controlled and exploited by the very few at the top of the pyramid. The Replicator used inkjet printer-like technology to extrude hot plastic that took three-dimensional form as artwork, mechanical parts and more. but this map points to another form of opacity: the very processes of creating, training and operating a device like an Amazon Echo is itself a kind of black box, very hard to examine and track in toto given the multiple layers of contractors, distributors, and downstream logistical partners around the world. If you read our map from left to right, the story begins and ends with the Earth, and the geological processes of deep time. 3 (May 1, 2017): 104, https://doi.org/10.1111/gto.12186. Similar to our habit to neglect materiality of internet infrastructure and information technology, shipping industry is rarely represented in popular culture. The DeskJet wasn’t the first inkjet on the market, but with a $995 price tag, it was the first one many home PC users bought. 3 (December 1, 2015): 216, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11263-015-0816-y. There were MP3 players before the iPod, sure, but it was Apple’s blockbuster device that convinced music fans to upgrade from their CD players en masse. A dataset may still be publicly owned, but the meta-value of the data – the model created by it – is privately owned. The iPhone popularized the mobile app, forever changing how we communicate, play games, shop, work, and complete many everyday tasks. We start with an outline: an exploded view of a planetary system across three stages of birth, life and death, accompanied by an essay in 21 parts. He writes, “Only 0.2 percent of the mined clay contains the valuable rare earth elements. 41. Nun die gute Nachricht. Its TrackPoint navigation device and powerful microprocessors were also considered to be groundbreaking in the early 1990s. Their use peaked around 2001, as faster alternatives that carried data over cable lines arrived. In this way, we have seen the emergence of multiple cognitive economies from the attention economy, As a Guardian investigation reports “tin mining is a lucrative but destructive trade that has scarred the island's landscape, bulldozed its farms and forests, killed off its fish stocks and coral reefs, and dented tourism to its pretty palm-lined beaches. (Hitachi makes everything from aircraft engines to defense equipment, but perhaps nothing as personally stimulating.) Jessica Shankleman et al., “We’re Going to Need More Lithium,” Bloomberg, September 7, 2017, https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2017-lithium-battery-future/. Als Mode-Statement haben sie noch lange nicht ausgedient, denn diese Schuhe gehen immer – zum Freizeit-Look sowieso und auch zum relaxten Business-Outfit machen sie eine gute Figur. With more than 160 million sold, it became a bestseller for the Finnish company. 14 They form a cyclic flow in which the product of work is transformed into a resource, which is transformed into a product, which is transformed into a resource and so on. Obscurities that in the past one would have waited years to find in a stray MOMA screening are now online. Many of the triangles shown on this map hide different stories of labor exploitation and inhumane working conditions. and the emotion economy, as well as the quantification and commodification of trust and evidence through cryptocurrencies. The iPod’s importance extends far beyond music. Vandana Shiva, The Enclosure and Recovery of The Commons: Biodiversity, Indigenous Knowledge, and Intellectual Property Rights (Research Foundation for Science, Technology, and Ecology, 1997). 10 Gary Cook, “Clicking Clean: Who Is Winning the Race to Build a Green Internet?” (Washington, DC: Greenpeace, January 2017), 30, https://storage.googleapis.com/p4-production-content/international/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/35f0ac1a-clickclean2016-hires.pdf. To the casual observer, it looks like it has never been easier to build AI or machine learning-based systems than it is today. The Segway—as hyped and as mocked as it has been—is a defining example of “last mile” transportation, an electric scooter designed to make walking obsolete. 47, “...In that Empire, the Art of Cartography attained such Perfection that the map of a single Province occupied the entirety of a City, and the map of the Empire, the entirety of a Province. In his lifetime he published forty major works across the fields of medicine, geology, comparative religion and music. Write to Matt Peckham at matt.peckham@time.com. Obsoleting noisy, lousy dot matrix technology, devices like 1988’s HP DeskJet gave computer owners the ability to quietly output graphics and text at a rate of two pages per minute. In order to do so, Intel has its own multi-tiered supply chain of more than 19,000 suppliers in over 100 countries providing direct materials for their production processes, tools and machines for their factories, and logistics and packaging services. Chris Ely, “The Life Expectancy of Electronics,” Consumer Technology Association, September 16, 2014, https://www.cta.tech/News/Blog/Articles/2014/September/The-Life-Expectancy-of-Electronics.aspx. The iPad’s 2010 launch spurred a slew of headlines questioning whether or not the tablet would replace the laptop as the most important personal computer. Marcus Wohlsen, “A Rare Peek Inside Amazon’s Massive Wish-Fulfilling Machine,” Wired, June 16, 2014, https://www.wired.com/2014/06/inside-amazon-warehouse/. And that helped drive the original system, released in 1994, to meteoric sales, including the PlayStation 2’s Guinness record for bestselling console of all time—a record even Nintendo’s Wii hasn’t come close to breaking. Apple’s consumer-oriented portable—for its cool-factor as well as its technology—grew into a serious business. Sure, it took Ted Turner in the 1970s and channels like MTV in the 1980s for what we think of as cable TV’s halcyon days to emerge. Yet they are inscribing and building those assumptions into a new world, and will increasingly play a role in how opportunities, wealth, and knowledge are distributed. Supply chains are often layered on top of one another, in a sprawling network. According to the computer manufacturing company Dell, complexities of the metal supply chain pose almost insurmountable challenges. Uffizi Gallery Florence, Italy. Marketing students now learn to avoid this deleterious “the Osborne effect.”. It was designed in the soothing Art Nouveau style. Consumers are usually only able to see commodities in the here and now of time and space, and rarely have any opportunities to gaze backwards through the chains of production in order to gain knowledge about the sites of production, transformation, and distribution.” It is a high plateau, covered by a few meters of salt crust which are exceptionally rich in lithium, containing 50% to 70% of the world's lithium reserves. The product’s reveal was a classic example of Steve Jobs’ showmanship at its best. Vladan Joler is a professor at the Academy of Arts at the University of Novi Sad and founder of SHARE Foundation. 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