The National Association of Baseball Ball Players were the founders of the […] In a thorough examination of heretofore unearthed evidence, the author reveals how misreading and careless research established the myth of Cartwright’s single-handed creation of the baseball diamond and other basics of the modern game. Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. was one of seven children born to a New York City sea merchant in 1820. The Man Who Invented Baseball. The fact that the National Baseball Hall of Fame was being built in Cooperstown where supposedly Abner Doubleday introduced the game as a boy in 1839 was not sitting well with reporters and researchers whose investigations proved otherwise. In the 1840's a sportswriter in New York by the name of Alexander Joy Cartwright wrote down the rules. Ardolino, Frank. Bruce Jr. was ten years old when his grandfather died. They were soon followed by many clubs. William and Margery divorced, and William later married Anne and had two more children, daughter Anna and son Alexander J. Cartwright IV. The game of baseball was created by Alexander Cartwright Jr., the founder of the New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club, in 1845. Louis. Some speculate that the young ballplayers, possibly Cartwright himself, named their ball club after the engine company, apparently sometime between 1842 and 1845. Special thanks to Tom Shieber of National Baseball Hall of Fame; Reed Hayes of Hawaii, Nanette Napoleon of Hawaii, DeSoto Brown of Bishop Museum, Barbara Dunn of Hawaiian Historical Society, John Thorn of New York, and Angus MacFarlane of California for their research assistance. This is a major contribution to the cause of getting our baseball history right. Cartwright was a bookseller in Manhattan, and a volunteer fireman. These rules became the foundation for the modern game of baseball. Ask baseball fans the name of their sport's founder, and most will answer "Abner Doubleday. Three months before the official opening ceremonies of the National Baseball Hall of Fame, Bruce Cartwright died on March 11, 1939. American baseball pioneer. The sponsors had originally named it the “Workingmen’s Library,” but felt that it needed a broader name to signify its true concept. “Careful analysis characterizes this striking new book evaluating the contribution of Alexander Cartwright to early baseball. Alexander Cartwright is considered by some to be the true father of the sport of baseball, although his story may be as much of a myth as that of Abner Doubleday inventing the game in the pastoral setting of Cooperstown, NY. Alexander Cartwright: The Life behind the Baseball Legend by Monica Nucciarone (2009-06-01) In a thorough examination of heretofore unearthed evidence, the author reveals how misreading and careless research established the myth of Cartwright’s single-handed creation of the baseball diamond and other basics of the modern game. Alexander Cartwright’s Contribution to Baseball. In Honolulu, Cartwright met up with former New York acquaintance Aaron B. Howe, who owned a ship chandler’s business, and entered Howe’s employ as a bookkeeper. With the Knickerbockers, Cartwright was a respected voice who helped guide one of the more renowned clubs in New York’s burgeoning baseball scene in the mid-1800s. According to The Baseball Book, "Cartwright, a surveyor, laid out the field with the bases 90 feet apart and drew up rules (including three strikes and three outs) for the first … “Careful analysis characterizes this striking new book evaluating the contribution of Alexander Cartwright to early baseball. Even if this were the case for the alleged Cartwright Gold Rush journal, why would anything to do with baseball be left out if it was in the original writings? Additional gratitude goes to Fred Ivor-Campbell of SABR for his editing expertise. [1] He was also a member of the club’s rules committee in 1848. "-Dorothy Seymour Mills, independent scholar and author of A Woman's Work: Writing Baseball History with Harold Seymour, "Monica Nucciarone puts the legacy of Alexander Cartwright under the microscope in this fascinating and exquisitely researched biography. Reproduction made by J.Y. AKA Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. There were twenty rules adopted that day and, believe it or not, these are what has evolved into today's current rules. The only existing diaries are of Charles Gray and Cyrus Currier, in which no baseball is mentioned. While Spalding was in Honolulu for his brief, one day stay, he seemed impressed by remarking that Honolulu had four established clubs and that baseball was fully appreciated there. In 1938 Alexander Cartwright received the honor of being inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame for his contributions to the nationally played sport. Alexander Cartwright, Jr. For example, William Wheaton in an interview in 1887 laid claim to at least two particular rule revisions formerly attributed to Cartwright: the diamond configuration of the playing field and abolishing the rule of throwing the ball at the runner, ordering instead that it should be thrown to the baseman instead to achieve an out. Arete - Derek Catsam “Careful analysis characterizes this striking new book evaluating the contribution of Alexander Cartwright to early baseball. April 17, 1820 – July 12, 1892. In 1947 Robert W. Henderson published a book titled Bat, Ball, and Bishop, which gave evidence of Cartwright’s contributions. 12, located at Pearl and Cherry Streets. Erikson, Jerry R. “A Freemason was the Father of Baseball.” The Royal Arch Mason (Fall 1962). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009. 1820-1892. Whether it is “Cartwright Rules” or “Knickerbocker Rules,” the rules of baseball are ever-changing. Yet neither is Cartwright. As he told a journalist for an article in the magazine Paradise of the Pacific, “When I was a small boy it was my great joy to hear grandpa tell about the early days of baseball in New York and his adventures while crossing the continent.”. Cartwright supposedly did his … The “blue law,” originally created by New England missionaries in 1820, was enforced by the missionaries’ descendents in defiance of the king, as political powers were plotting to overthrow the monarchy. Email correspondence, Clark, Deputy Chief John. He later earned his living as a clerk for Union Bank of New York. Alexander’s grandson, Bruce Cartwright Jr., typed a transcribed copy of it as late as the 1930s. Although he was an inductee of the Baseball Hall of Fame and he was sometimes referred to as a "father of baseball," the importance of his role in the development of the game has been disputed. In the local newspaper, the Commercial Pacific Advertiser, editor J. H. Black wrote, “The library is not intended to be run for the benefit of any class, party, nationality, or sect.”. Alexander Cartwright was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1938 in a “pioneers” category for the Veterans’ Committee ballot. Some of the founders wanted to exclude women from membership, but Cartwright disagreed, writing to his brother Alfred: “The idea keeps the blessed ladies out and the children. Here lies Alexander Cartwright, one of the Fathers of Baseball who created some of its earliest rules. Alexander Cartwright: The Life behind the Baseball Legend by Monica Nucciarone (2009-06-01) on Amazon.com. The date is the founder of modern baseball, Alexander Cartwright’s 200th birthday. These games migrated to the colonies. This information is corroborated by newspaper accounts. He placed the bases 90 feet apart, he decided on 9 innings in a game, and he decided that there should be 9 players on each side. So, Cartwright simply didn’t do all he did for the game without help, nor was he only possessed by thoughts of baseball. Bowman, a Honolulu photographer. [1] DeSoto Brown, archivist and collections manager at the Bishop Museum, states that handwritten items of high importance to families were sometimes transcribed by someone with excellent handwriting. - BL-2134-77 (Courtesy of the Hawaii State Archives), National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, 25 Main Street,Cooperstown, NY 13326Phone: 1-888-HALL-OF-FAME | 607-547-7200 | Fax: 607-547-0398, "Ninety feet between the bases is the nearest to perfection that man has yet achieved. Especially interesting would be hearing stories from a grandfather who talked about crossing the Wild West in search of gold and of playing a game that was played by boys and young men in the far away metropolis of Manhattan in New York. Alexander Cartwright: The Life Behind the Baseball Legend: Nucciarone, Monica, Thorn, John: Amazon.com.mx: Libros Receipts exist for dinners that are dated December 5, 1845, and are labeled with “Elysian Fields Hoboken for twenty dinners at $1.50 each for the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club.”. Mary Muriel married Elliott Everett Check. There is recorded evidence that Cartwright’s Hawaiian-born sons, Bruce and Alex III, played baseball between the 1860s and 1880s in Honolulu. A former baseball teammate of Cartwright’s, Lorrin A. Thurston, helped lead the revolution to oust the monarchy. Many is the pleasant chase I have had after it on Mountain and Prairie…” Bruce used the DeBost letter as his main documented source for his grandfather’s involvement with baseball. In a thorough examination of heretofore unearthed evidence, the author reveals how misreading and careless research established the myth of Cartwright’s single-handed creation of the baseball diamond and other basics of the modern game. Documentation of Cartwright’s doings between June 1846 and March 1849 is scarce. “Careful analysis characterizes this striking new book evaluating the contribution of Alexander Cartwright to early baseball. The Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown six months later on January 17, 1893. One such myth is that Cartwright umpired the first match game on June 19, 1846. 1820-1892. The February before he died, a cornerstone was laid in Masonic tradition with members of the lodge present, including the Acting Grand Master, Alexander Cartwright Jr. Furukawa, S.F. Alexander ″Alick″ Joy Cartwright Jr. (April 17, 1820 – July 12, 1892) was a founding member of the New York Knickerbockers Base Ball Club in the 1840s. Passenger List of American Ship Eliza Warwick (1851). Cartwright was the king’s financial advisor. It was the first major league baseball game broadcast on television. It would indeed fill a volume, and be an invaluable text book to place in the hands of the rising generation to reflect upon and emulate.”. His six siblings were Benjamin, Katherine, Alfred, Esther, Mary, and Ann. And so are the research findings where Cartwright’s role in baseball history is concerned. His contributions to the game of baseball were formally recognized in 1939, when he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. But we can still recognize a man who contributed a lot […] April 17th was supposed to be a celebration. This short biography of Cartwright’s life is the second version since its first posting on SABR’s Biography Project website, and there will undoubtedly be additional versions posted as the years pass into history. He took a baseball with him, and as he crossed the country by train, wagon, and on foot he spread the word about the burgeoning sport and the Knickerbocker rules at every opportunity. The man who did perhaps the most to formalize and codify modern baseball was one Alexander Cartwright, a New York City banker. In Hawaii, Cartwright spent a number of years working … Cartwright Lineage and Genealogy. When Cartwright reached California he did not stay long, sailing for Hawaii on August 15, 1849. Cartwright and his friends played their first recorded game on October 6, 1845, and continued playing well into late autumn that year. Cartwright died in 1892 at the age of 72. Alexander Cartwright is in the Baseball Hall of Fame for founding the sport as we know it, and writing the basic rules back in 1846. It was there that the club became a driving force in baseball’s rapid development. Born Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. on April 17, 1820 in New York City, Cartwright later in his life was to be recognized as the founder of baseball. Or maybe he was just A Guy Who Played Baseball in its earliest development and gets more credit than he deserves. One of the first baseball clubs, New York Knickerbocker Baseball Club, and its founder, Alexander Joy Cartwright, formulated most of the baseball rules in 1845. The deflation of Alexander Cartwright as the sole founder or "father of the game" is the major purpose of Monica Nucciarone's biography, which both diminishes the legend and enlarges the man. Alex married Eliza Van Wie of Albany on June 2, 1842. Peterson, Harold. Though Cartwright did not invent the game, he made many important advances and is considered the Father of Modern Baseball. Parke was Honolulu’s first fire chief from that moment, but for unknown reasons, on December 27, 1850, King Kamehameha III passed an act in Privy Council that appointed Cartwright Chief Engineer of the Fire Department of the City of Honolulu. Ancient Hawaiians revered Pele, the Goddess of Fire, but nineteenth-century Hawaiian society had to fight fire with buckets of water. Cartwright and his team saw the need to develop the sport and do away with elements of the game that were seemingly unsafe. departing on his journey on April 23rd, and playing baseball prior to departure. Knickerbocker Rules. Alexander Cartwright and the members of his New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club devised the first rules and regulations that were accepted for the modern game of baseball. Later that year the grand opening celebrations for the Hall of Fame were held in Cooperstown and the festivities extended to Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. _____. Alexander "Alick" Joy Cartwright Jr. is referred to as a "father of baseball". Barry Halper Collection (1865). The inventor of Baseball Alexander Cartwright. San Francisco Historic Records, 1994. Upon arrival in Honolulu, Alex Cartwright must have inhaled the fragrance of tropical flowers — plumeria, jasmine, and gardenia — along with the sweet smell of pineapple and sugar cane in the air. Cartwright Family archives. "Alexander Cartwright provides a welcome addition to our understanding of baseball’s still legend-enshrouded early decades. Many baseball personalities, including Babe Ruth, have visited this spot to pay tribute. Brown, Randall. The ground that is used to play Baseball is in the shape of a diamond with a circuit made on the edges for demarcation for bases. As an advisor to the queen, Cartwright was the executor of her Last Will & Testament, in which she left the bulk of her estate to the hospital when she died in 1885. Aside from being declared as “The Father of Modern Baseball,” the plaque lists three rules of the game attributed to Cartwright: “Set Bases 90 Feet Apart; Established 9 Innings as Game; and, 9 Players as Team.” Original rules of baseball. Cartwright Family archives. 555 N. Central Ave. #416 In that copy Alexander is described leaving New York on March 1, 1849, to travel by train to St. Louis. For his efforts, Cartwright was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1938. Bruce states that the surviving “notes” with original information by his grandfather are owned by his cousin Mary. Alexander Joy Cartwright, Jr. (April 17, 1820 – July 12, 1892) is one of several people sometimes referred to as a "father of baseball". Often considered a founding father of America’s most beloved sport, Alexander Cartwright remains a legend of the baseball scene. Often cited as a major contributor to the origins of modern American baseball, Alexander Cartwright was an influential member of the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club of New York City. [/fn] The solution to this awkward situation was to vote Cartwright into the Hall of Fame and name him the “Father of Modern Baseball,” implicitly adopting the combined version of Doubleday inventing and Cartwright perfecting baseball. Alexander Cartwright died on July 12, 1892, apparently of an infection from a boil on his neck. 36. Cartwright died in 1892 at the age of 72. The first recorded baseball game in 1846 when Alexander Cartwright's Knickerbockers lost to the New York Baseball Club. There were twenty rules adopted that day and, believe it or not, these are what has evolved into today's current rules. Hawaiian Gazette and Pacific Commercial Advertiser (July 19, 1892). W.C. 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